Encyclopedia of Hinduism by Denise Cush, Catherine Robinson, Michael York

By Denise Cush, Catherine Robinson, Michael York

The Encyclopedia of Hinduism comprises over 900 entries reflecting fresh advances in scholarship that have raised new theoretical and methodological matters in addition to choosing new parts of analysis that have no longer been addressed formerly. the talk over the time period 'Hinduism' within the mild of post-Orientalist reviews is only one instance of the way as soon as average educational frameworks were known as into query. Entries diversity from 150-word definitions of phrases and ideas to 5,000-word in-depth investigations of significant topics.

The Encyclopedia covers all elements of Hinduism yet departs from different works in together with extra ethnographic and modern fabric unlike an completely textual and ancient strategy. It encompasses a extensive variety of material reminiscent of: historic advancements (among them 19th and 20th century reform and revival); geographical distribution (especially the diaspora); significant and minor pursuits; philosophies and theologies; scriptures; deities; temples and sacred websites; pilgrimages; fairs; rites of passage; worship; spiritual arts (sculpture, structure, track, dance, etc.); spiritual sciences (e.g. astrology); biographies of top figures; neighborhood and nearby traditions; caste and untouchability; feminism and women's faith; nationalism and the Hindu radical correct; and new non secular events. The background of research and the position of vital students prior and current also are discussed.

Accessibility to all degrees of reader has been a concern and no prior wisdom is thought. although, the in-depth greater entries and the layout of the paintings according to the newest scholarly advances signifies that the amount could be of substantial curiosity to specialists.

The complete is cross-referenced and bibliographies connect to the bigger entries. there's a complete index.

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Only from 1878 onwards did the ship lists from Madras contain details of castes. Therefore, it is not easy to find out exactly which caste groups came from South India during the early part of immigration. However, most of the last names of the South Indian groups do indicate caste background. On the other hand, the ship lists from the Calcutta port do give details of caste. In the case of both North Indian groups and South Indian groups, there seems to have been some mobility in terms of caste background.

In 1904 a branch of the Arya Samaj was formed, and in 1905 Professor Bhai Paramanand of the Arya Samaj visited South Africa. In the same year the Pretoria Tamil League was established; in subsequent years other Indian organisations were founded: the Surat Hindu Association (1907), the Young Men’s Hindu Association (1909), the Pretoria Hindu Seva Samaj and the New Castle Tamil Association (1910). The year 1911 heralded a new phase of experience for Indians when all the colonies joined to create the Union of South AFRICA, HINDUS IN Africa.

Eka or consecration, during which the image or mu¯rti of a deity is ritually bathed, is one of the most common practices carried out in temples and shrines on a daily basis. This fundamental ceremony ranges from the simple bathing of a deity with water or milk to the ritual consecration of a whole temple. eka is undertaken every twelve years by those temples that can afford to renew or repair the temple structure. eka is then considered to renew the power of the deities within. eka ceremonies, performed in the larger temples, the deity might be ritually bathed with a variety of different substances ranging from turmeric water, considered to be cooling and purifying, to honey, fruit and curds.

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