Earth Science and Applications from Space: National by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on Earth Science and Applications from Space: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future

Typical and human-induced adjustments in Earth's inside, land floor, biosphere, surroundings, and oceans have an effect on all points of existence. knowing those alterations calls for a number of observations got from land-, sea-, air-, and space-based systems. to aid NASA, NOAA, and USGS in constructing those instruments, the NRC was once requested to hold out a "decadal method" survey of Earth technological know-how and functions from house that will strengthen the most important medical questions about which to concentration Earth and environmental observations within the interval 2005-2015 and past, and current a prioritized checklist of area courses, missions, and assisting actions to deal with those questions. This document provides a imaginative and prescient for the Earth technology software; an research of the prevailing Earth staring at process and suggestions to aid repair its features; an overview of and suggestions for brand new observations and missions for the following decade; an exam of and proposals for potent program of these observations; and an research of the way top to maintain that statement and functions procedure.

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Scientists know the total rates of deformation across fault systems but lack the information to determine reliably which faults are most likely to rupture, let alone when these ruptures will occur. Volcanic eruptions and landslides often have precursors, but the ability to detect and interpret these precursors is severely limited by a lack of observations.

1 LESSONS LEARNED FROM KATRINA The earthquake and tsunami that devastated large swaths of coastal southern and eastern Asia on ­ ecember 26, 2004, and the hurricanes that struck the Gulf Coast of the United States in 2005 are stark examples D of the vulnerability of human society to natural disasters and of the importance of observations and warning systems. S. 1). Further, the financial costs of Katrina do not account for other costs to society, including the impacts on the families of survivors and the likely permanent loss of large swaths of New Orleans.

The first launch of the GOES-R series satellite was recently delayed from the 2012 time frame to December 2014. Without this capability, no national or international ozone-profiling capability will exist after the EOS Aura mission ends in 2010. This capability is key to monitoring ozone-layer recovery in the next two decades and is part of NOAA’s mandate through the Clean Air Act. 10The NASA-managed NPP, a joint mission involving NASA and the NPOESS Integrated Program Office (IPO), has a twofold purpose: (1) to provide continuity for a selected set of calibrated observations with the existing Earth Observing System measurements for Earth science research and (2) to provide risk reduction for four of the key sensors that will fly on NPOESS, as well as the command and data-handling system.

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