By Gisa Aschersleben, Talis Bachmann and Jochen Müsseler (Eds.)
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Extra resources for Cognitive Contributions to the Perception of Spatial and Temporal Events
6 Two Paradoxes Niels Bohr once wrote that there is no hope for progress in science without a paradox. Fortunately, at this point in our theorizing we are confronted with two paradoxes, so, when we solve only one of these, there continues to be hope for progress in our science. ' Introspection, however, easily learns us that we are hardly aware, and if so then only very roughly and approximately, of the position of the eyes in their orbits. In his 'Remarks suggested by dr. Gordon Holmes's paper, "Disturbances of visual orientation'", Berry (1918, p.
Schafer and Marcus (1973) have reported reduced amplitude of AEPS when the subject themselves generates the salient auditory stimulus, compared with the control condition in which the stimulus is an externally-triggered event. This provides neurophysiological evidence that the stimulus was tagged as flowing from the subject's own motor action for the purposes of perceptual processing. 4 Concluding Speculations As a psychologist of action, I am often unsure what to extract from dissociations between perception and action, such as the one Bridgeman provides here.
Therefore, in subsequent experiments we tried to arrive at more precise estimates of the percentage underestimation of the position of the bar. In these experiments a moving cursor was used for indicating the perceived position. While these cursor experiments had their shortcomings - observers cannot really be prevented from following the cursor with eyes and head - we were nevertheless able to conclude that, under the exposure conditions used, observers underestimate the eccentricity of the bar by about 10% (see Van der Heijden et al, in press).