Cognitive Biases by Jean-Paul Caverni, Jean-Marc Fabre and Michel Gonzalez

By Jean-Paul Caverni, Jean-Marc Fabre and Michel Gonzalez (Eds.)

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The same univariate distributions of a virus and a disease over countries (a) can be coordinated such that the correlation between virus and disease is either positive (b) or negative (c). c) when the 24 observation pairs are coordinated. Depending on the experimental condition, the association of countries with the occurrence of the virus and disease 52 K. 25 correlation as in 2c, although the univariate distributions of the virus and the disease were the same as in Figure 2a in all conditions.

1983). The freezing and unfreezing of lay inferences: Effects on impressional primacy, ethnic stereotyping and numerical anchoring. Journal of Emerimental Soclal Psvcholom, 448-468. Kruglanski. , & Farkash, E. Lay persons' sensitivity to statistical information: the case of high perceived relevance. J m f 503-518. personalitv and Social Psvcholo@. Kruglanski. W. Lav eDistemics and h uman knowledae: Coanitive a n d motivational bases. New York: Plenum. Lord, C . G . , & Lepper. R. Biased assimilation and attitude polarization: The effects of prior theories on subsequently considered evidence.

This manipulation resulted in a two-modality, between-subject factor. This factor will hereafter be called the C factor, these three papers serving as the "contextual setting" for later evaluation. As explained before, since only antagonistic-effect conditions are of interest, the C factor was not fully crossed with the A factor, and all subjects in the A+condition were presented high level contextual papers (A+ A C h ) , while all subjects in the Acondition saw low level contextual papers (A- A Cd.

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