By Claire Cameron
Care paintings in Europe offers a cross-national and cross-sectoral learn of care paintings in Europe this present day, protecting coverage, provision and perform, in addition to exploring how care paintings is conceptualized and understood. Drawing on a research which appears to be like at care paintings around the lifestyles path in a few eu international locations, this e-book:
- explores the context and rising coverage agendas
- provides an research of ways diverse international locations and sectors comprehend and constitution care paintings
- examines key matters, akin to the extraordinary gendering of the team, expanding difficulties of recruitment and turnover, what varieties of wisdom and schooling the paintings calls for and what stipulations are had to verify high quality employment
- considers attainable destiny instructions, together with the choice of a universal specialist employee, knowledgeable to paintings around the existence direction and no matter if ‘care’ will, or should still, stay a special box of coverage and employment.
This groundbreaking comparative examine provokes much-needed new puzzling over the present state of affairs and destiny course of care paintings, a space necessary to the social and financial future health of Europe.
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Extra info for Care work in Europe : current understandings and future directions
1: Direct payment schemes and personal assistants Direct payment schemes enable people with disabilities to receive cash payments with which to purchase their own care services. These schemes were introduced in England in the 1990s, first for younger adults with disabilities, more recently for people over retirement age. Kingston, a local authority in London, was one of the first English local authorities to set up a scheme and contracts to a non-proﬁt private organisation to manage the payments and provide support to care users including: assistance to care users in getting started, including with recruitment of personal assistants; provision of standard documentation; ongoing support to care users, including a newsletter, support networks and helping with queries and problems; and a register of personal assistants (PAs) available for work.
This occupation means that there are very few untrained workers in services for older people: recent research suggests 44 The care workforce that less than 5 per cent of workers in this sector do not have at least this level of training. Sweden has similarly highly trained workers in childcare and in residential child and youth care. However, services for adults involve a quite different group of workers: there is no equivalent of the wide-ranging Danish pedagogue, reﬂecting the basic difference in workforce structuring we have just noted and, underpinning this, a basic difference of understanding in Sweden between work with children and adults.
Denmark had the highest levels of provision for residential and community care. Comparable data for Central and Eastern Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union are unavailable. But both before and during the transition period, extensive use has been made of large and often unsatisfactory institutions for children, people with disabilities and elderly people throughout the region. Prior to transition: families, women, and informal community networks provided the elderly with long-term assistance when they became frail.