By James A. Coakley Jr., Ping Yang
A first-look at radiative move in planetary atmospheres with a selected specialize in the Earth's surroundings and weather. The textbook covers the fundamentals of the radiative move of solar, treating absorption and scattering, and the move of the thermal infrared applicable for neighborhood thermodynamic equilibrium, absorption and emission. The examples incorporated exhibit how the ideas of the radiative move equation are utilized in distant sensing to probe the thermal constitution and composition of planetary atmospheres. This motivates scholars via prime them to a greater realizing of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical effects.
Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and starting graduate scholars in physics and atmospheric sciences, the booklet is designed to hide the essence of the fabric in a 10-week direction, whereas the cloth within the non-compulsory sections will facilitate its use on the extra leisurely speed and in-depth concentration of a semester direction.
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Extra info for Atmospheric Radiation: A Primer with Illustrative Solutions
The temperature of the rest of the atmospheric column hardly changes. 7 Composition of the Earth’s Atmosphere The absorption and emission of radiation in the Earth’s atmosphere shapes the vertical structure of the global average atmospheric temperature proﬁle. The absorption and emission depend on the concentrations of the gases and particles that absorb and emit the radiation. 1 lists the concentrations and approximate atmospheric residence times for the major gases. 1 sphere. 7 Composition of the Earth’s Atmosphere oxygen make up such large fractions of the atmosphere that changes in their concentrations from, for example, combustion, oxidation, and nitrogen ﬁxation, are negligibly small.
Is the emissivity obtained for an atmosphere that absorbs sunlight greater or smaller than the emissivity for an atmosphere that absorbs none of the incident sunlight? c. Is the atmospheric temperature of the absorbing atmosphere greater than the temperature for an atmosphere that absorbs none of the incident sunlight? 4. Estimate the amplitude of the day–night temperature diﬀerence for a window-gray, radiative equilibrium model of Mars. The Earth and Mars have nearly identical rotation rates. Use the following steps: a.
B. Repeat these calculations using the thermal inertia of the ocean mixed layer. Use 50 m as the depth of the mixed layer and 4218 J kg−1 K−1 as the heat capacity of water. The temperature change for the ocean mixed layer produces a more realistic response. c. Repeat (a) and (b) but instead of the Earth’s radiating temperature and the Stefan-Boltzmann law, assume that the emitted longwave ﬂux is given by F = A + BTS with A and B constants and TS the annually averaged global mean surface temperature.